The goal programming is a kind of Operation Research (OR) for solution economic management problem, which has extensive application in many realms, especially in the aspects of economic realm. This paper will introduce the creation, development and the present condition of the goal programming. I will introduce the concrete model and solution method of the goal programming in two aspects, it’s that the linear goal programming and the non-linear goal programming. This paper will set up tow models at the two aspects of goal programming, (linear programming and non-linear programming) and the two examples are about distribution (linear) and controlling scale of foreign capital in the light of regions and professions (non-linear). While solving the non-linear goal programming example ,I found there was mistake in original author’s solving. So I pointed out where the mistake was and had corrected it .
I have introduced the general situation of the creation, development and the present condition of the goal programming and the major characteristic in this paper. The first part is about the concept and the basic model of goal programming and how to set up. The second part is the basic algorithm of goal programming, which was introduced in two brief summaries of linear goal programming, non-linear goal programming.The third part has introduced applied concretes of goal programming in the economy and the second brief summary is the focal point. The last part is conclusion of this paper; I have summarized the basic tools and achievement of this paper. I put the course of solving example 5 and example 6 and computer source programming in the appendix for the whole thesis having compact structure.
Key words:goal programming;deviations of variable;restrain; algorithm